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    拓展訓練是怎么來的?

    發布日期:2021-08-17 來源:http://www.generiquefrance.com/
    拓展訓練是一種戶外體驗式訓練, 源于西方英文outward bound(出境旅游),他是一個航海術語,當船只要出發時,用于召喚船員上船的旗語,表明出發的時候就要到了,船員們看到后會很快的回到穿上整裝待發。
    Outward bound training is a kind of outdoor experiential training, which originates from the Western English outbound bound. It is a navigation term. When the ship just starts, it is used to call the crew on the ship. It indicates that the time of departure is coming. The crew will soon return to put on their clothes and be ready to go.
    outward bound從字面理解為出海的船被越來越多的人接受。并在教育領域詮釋為一艘小船在暴風雨來臨之際,離開安全的港灣,駛向波濤洶涌的大海,去迎接未知的挑戰,面臨風險與困難的同時,也可能發現新的機遇。
    Outward bound is literally understood as a ship going to sea, which is accepted by more and more people. In the field of education, it is interpreted as a small boat, leaving the safe harbor and heading for the rough sea when the storm is coming, to meet the unknown challenges, face risks and difficulties, and may also find new opportunities.
    outward bound來源于一個 真實的故事, 在第二次世界大戰時,大西洋有很多船由于受到攻擊而沉沒,大批船員落水,由于海水冰冷,又遠離大陸,絕大多數的船員又不幸遇難,但仍有極少數的人在經歷了長時間的磨難后終于得以生還。當人們了解了這些生還者的情況后,發現了一個令人驚奇的事實,這就是生還者不是人們想象的那樣都是些身體強壯的小伙子,而大多數是年老體弱的人。
    The outward bound comes from a true story. During the Second World War, many ships in the Atlantic sank due to attacks, and a large number of crew members fell into the water. Because the sea was cold and far from the mainland, the vast majority of crew members were killed, but a very small number of people finally survived after a long period of suffering. When people learned about the survivors, they found a surprising fact that the survivors were not as strong young men as people thought, but mostly old and weak people.
    經過一段時間的調查研究,了解情況,專家們終于找到了這個問題的答案:這些人之所以能活下來,關鍵在于他們又良好的心里素質、強烈的家庭責任感和求生欲望、良好的團隊精神和溝通意識。當遇到災難的時候,幸存者首先想到的是:“我一定要活下去!”在他們的心中,當時想的最多的是: 相信自己能找到辦法,努力讓自己冷靜下來,主動與別人合作想辦法求救或自救。
    After a period of investigation and research and understanding the situation, the experts finally found the answer to this question: the key to these people's survival lies in their good psychological quality, strong sense of family responsibility and desire for survival, good team spirit and communication consciousness. When faced with a disaster, the first thing the survivors think of is: "I must live!" In their hearts, what they thought most at that time was: believe that they can find a way, try to calm themselves down, take the initiative to cooperate with others and find a way to ask for help or self-help.
    濟南拓展訓練
    而年輕的海員想到最多的是:“我怎么如此不幸,這下我可能要完了,不能活著回去了。”他們只顧及到自己,過早的失去信心,或無謂的浪費了太多的體力。
    What the young seaman thought of most was: "why am I so unfortunate? Now I may be finished and can't go back alive." They only care about themselves, lose confidence prematurely, or waste too much physical strength unnecessarily.
    對于海員幸存者的研究,德國籍教育學家庫爾特·漢恩(kurt han,1886-1974年)作出了許多貢獻,他研究設計一些人工設施和自然條件,模擬海難發生時的情境,讓那些年輕的海員做一些具有心理挑戰的活動和項目,以訓練和提高他們的心理素質,提高應對海上危機的求生能力。
    Kurt Han (1886-1974), a German educator, made many contributions to the study of seafarer survivors. He studied and designed some artificial facilities and natural conditions to simulate the situation when a shipwreck occurred, and asked those young seafarers to do some activities and projects with psychological challenges, so as to train and improve their psychological quality, Improve the ability to survive maritime crises.
    1886年,庫爾特·漢恩出生與柏林月一個有地位的家庭,他從小喜歡遠足探險,探險過程中磨練了他的意志,成長的閱歷式他得到一個深刻體會:學農要從種植開始,一切只是源于實踐,經驗來自于親身體驗,有了親身體驗就會獲得長久的記憶,甚至終生不忘。后來,庫爾特·漢恩構想著將來建一所學校, 以“從做中學”的理念來實現他的愿望,他希望在這個學校里思想和行動不再對立,這些思考對后來的思想有重要影響。
    In 1886, Kurt Han was born into a high-ranking family in Berlin. He liked hiking and exploration since childhood. His will was honed in the process of exploration and his experience of growth. He got a profound experience: learning farmers should start from planting, everything comes from practice, and experience comes from personal experience. With personal experience, he will have a long-term memory, or even never forget it for life. Later, Kurt Hahn conceived of building a school in the future to realize his wish with the concept of "learning by doing". He hoped that there would be no opposition between thought and action in this school. These thoughts had an important impact on later thoughts.
    由于漢恩猶太人的身份和他的社會活動,德國統治者想對他實施謀殺,1933 年2月的大逮捕中,漢恩入獄,在他的英國朋友的努力下,英國首相拉姆齊·麥唐納作出官方抗議后,漢恩得到釋放并于同年7月啟程到了英國。1943年4月,漢恩建了一所戈登思陶恩男校,起初只用兩個學員,但這沒有動搖漢恩的決心,由于此后的不斷努力,不久該校就成了一個非常有名望的學校。9月份就有21名學員,此后學校的招生人數穩步增長。
    Due to Han's Jewish identity and his social activities, the German rulers wanted to murder him. Han was jailed in the general arrest in February 1933. With the efforts of his British friends and the official protest of British Prime Minister Ramsey MacDonald, Han was released and set off for Britain in July of the same year. In April 1943, Han built a Gordon Thorne boys' school with only two students at first, but this did not shake Han's determination. Due to continuous efforts since then, the school soon became a very famous school. There were 21 students in September, and the enrollment of the school has increased steadily since then.
    本文由濟南拓展訓練整理發布,您是不是對這些內容有所了解了呢?更多的內容請點擊:http://www.generiquefrance.com我們會有更多精彩內容等你查看。
    This article is compiled and released by Jinan development training. Do you know something about these contents? For more information, please click: http://www.generiquefrance.com We will have more wonderful content for you to see.
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